What is urological laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that has now displaced conventional open surgery.
Why is it performed?
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive technique used as a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure in various fields of medicine and surgery.
It is mainly used in prostate and renal pathologies, for example:
The 7 advantages of
More precise sutures
Reduced tissue separation for access to the area to be treated
Faster return to normal activity
Results similar or superior to open surgery
What does this consist of?
This surgical technique uses a small camera called a laparoscope to transmit the image of the internal organs of the abdomen to a television monitor. The abdominal cavity is insufflated with a gas (CO2).
It requires three or four incisions of between 0.5 and 1 cm through which the working instruments are introduced.
What types of laparoscopic surgery are there?
- Laparoscopic radical and partial removal of the kidney (nephrectomy).
- Laparoscopic removal of adrenal glands (adrenalectomy).
- Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (reconstruction of urinary tract)
- Laparoscopic pyelotomy/ureterolithotomy (removal of urinary tract stones).
- Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (removal of the prostate).
Before and after surgery
Are all patients suitable for laparoscopic surgery?
Not all patients are suitable to undergo urological laparoscopy, and it is not recommended, for example, for patients with morbid obesity, COPD or other previous surgeries that may interfere.
In other cases, the patient may remain hospitalized for 24 hours, but in general the patient will not need to follow a special care routine, beyond the medication prescribed by the urologist specialist to avoid postoperative pain.